Why I Got Rid of Homework in Spanish Class

Why I Got Rid of Homework in Spanish Class - shared by Mis Clases Locas

How to Do My Spanish Homework? Step-By-Step Approach

If you are taking Spanish classes, first understand that this is a good move. Studies show that fluency in another language other than your native language boosts cognitive function, among other benefits. The benefits of studying two or more languages show in your academic as well as professional life. Thus, excelling in that Spanish subject is not only necessary; it is something you should take very seriously.

Nevertheless, we do understand how difficult it can be to “do my Spanish homework,” especially since it is not your first language. We have compiled four concise but straightforward ways you can do homework in Spanish efficiently and quickly.

If you’re familiar with that proverb of sharpening your ax first before trying to cut down a tree, you’d get this. Before you do your homework in Spanish, review the assignment to know exactly what is expected of you. Having a good understanding of what your assignment entails will help you stay organized, and organization is key to finishing homework early.

Even before your teacher leaves the class, ask questions for clarification; sometimes instructors assume students know. As your teacher gives the assignment with instructions, follow along and ask questions at whatever point you are confused or uncertain.

It goes without saying that you should create a suitable environment for yourself when you want to begin your homework. However, when it comes to learning a second language like Spanish, it is important that you keep out every English language distraction. Since you are learning a language that you are not familiar with, English language distractions can cause you much confusion.

For instance, turn off the television, music, and everything else that causes your mind to wander between two languages. Keeping out English language distractions provides great help with Spanish homework.

It is always a good idea to have a study buddy or group – someone or people you can do your homework with. With learning a second language, having a Spanish study partner or group is even more important. Learning any language, Spanish or English, requires interaction; through interaction, you have practical knowledge of the language. More so, it is very likely that your instructor will suggest that you work in groups and strike conversations among yourselves.

By striking conversations while learning Spanish, you don’t only learn how to read in Spanish; you also learn how to listen and respond. While you may feel embarrassed when you start, there’s a good chance your partners also feel embarrassed. If you keep at it, you’ll all start enjoying your sessions in no time, supporting one another. Moreover, it’s a great way to seek homework help Spanish, especially when there’s someone better than you.

Reviewing your homework is important before you start, while you’re at it, and after you are done. Reviewing your Spanish homework after you’re done helps you in the long run. While this may seem counterproductive, it is a great way to reinforce the skills you have just acquired.

Therefore, as you complete each section, stop and review it before you move on to the next. You will discover that it’ll take you less time to finish the other sections. Also, you are indirectly preparing yourself for a likely impromptu Spanish quiz. Meanwhile, you can always check out Spanish homework answers online to ensure you got the questions right.


If you’re doing homework in Spanish, try these tips as you get started. They are very effective; first, you will do a good job, and then you’ll get your work done much faster. The important thing is to remember that learning Spanish is equally as important as English.

With this understanding, you’ll be able to put in much effort, ensuring you do your homework right. Meanwhile, you can always seek Spanish homework help online, especially if you don’t have a study buddy or group.

6 Answers 6

Then we wasted 10 minutes of the start of class, me walking around scanning what was probably junk and then correcting more meaningless stuff as a class. I understand that most high school students seem to be busy, but if you know small towns graduating class of about 35 at my school , it seems to be even worse.

Once I stopped assigning choice homework, those who were actually experiencing Spanish outside of school, kept doing so, and the others did not have to waste their time pretending they did. I love hearing that students have watched the entire series of El Internado or Chicas de Cable, that the basketball warm up mix has songs from Spanish class, or that students are adding music in Spanish to their Spotify playlists.




Library Guide for International Students

Under the regulations for examinations, intentional or reckless plagiarism is a disciplinary offence.

Borrowing essays from other students to adapt and submit as your own is plagiarism, and will develop none of these necessary skills, holding back your academic development. Students who lend essays for this purpose are doing their peers no favours.

Library Guide for International Students

New to the Library? This Guide will help you navigate the library to find books and articles, study spaces, and different ways of getting in touch with librarians and other staff for specific research and writing assistance.

What is Plagiarism?

" Plagiarism: presenting others’ work without adequate acknowledgement of its source, as though it were one’s own. Plagiarism is a form of fraud. We all stand on the shoulders of others, and we must give credit to the creators of the works that we incorporate into products that we call our own.

• the use of ideas, sound recordings, computer data or images created by others as though it were one’s own"

Keep in mind that writing instructors can often spot passages that have been copied because they have a different style and rhetoric than the student’s. Also. more and more graders have access to software like "Turnitin" that can identify content that is copied from other sources.

Student Voices

"Understand the content and write it down using your own words (still need to put the article in Reference List)"

"Not directly copy anything from the paper. If needed, rewrite in my own way. When citing papers, give enough acknowledgement"

"Just try not to do it. I jot down my idea first and if I don’t have the idea or don’t know how to express it, I’ll find some articles and try to recap or comment with my own words."

How to Avoid Plagiarism

The key to avoiding plagiarism is give credit where credit is due. Some ways to not plagiarize include:

  • Take good notes as you read. Note the author and page number of where you read ideas and/or facts.
  • Create a good system of organizing your research notes. Make time to provide citations in your paper.
  • Make sure to use in-text citations to give authors credit for their ideas.
  • Not sure if something is common knowledge and doesn’t need a citation? Ask your professor, GSI, or a librarian.
  • Make sure you know how to recognize plagiarism with these tools:
    (Tutorial and Quiz) from Indiana University – from The Center for Research on Learning & Teaching at the University of Michigan

Different Forms of Plagiarism

1 Model taken from Rebecca Moore Howard, "Plagiarism, Authorships, and the Academic Death Penalty," College English 57 (Nov. 1995), 788-806.
2 Ibid., 799.
3 Diana Hacker, The Bedford Handbook, (New York: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 1998), 572.

Is it Counted as Plagiarism if I didn’t realize I was Plagiarizing?

plagiarism: Intentionally or unintentionally using someone else’s ideas or writing in part or whole in your own paper without proper attribution.

"accidental" plagiarism: When a writer attempts or intends to write in his/her own words but — out of ignorance, sloppiness, or carelessness — fails to distinguish quote from paraphrase or fails to cite and document properly.

Patch-writing: Students often use patch-writing, (pasting the student’s own words into an author’s sentence frame), as a fall-back technique when they are stuck at some point in their writing. As students become more experienced in writing they rely on this technique less and less.

"I didn’t know I had to cite that, too!"
Some students think they only need to cite direct quotes and statistics. While this is true, writers also need to cite unique ideas and unique phrasing belonging to someone else. Summaries and paraphrases of books, essays, and other sources of information also need to be fully cited.

"But I included a bibliography . . ."
A bibliography is not enough! Careful documentation of your sources at the level of the sentence is also extremely important because it is at the level of the sentence that you distinguish your ideas and words from someone else’s.

Copy-cat paraphrasing
This is when a student attempts to summarize or paraphrase an idea or some research made by someone else, but adheres too closely to the other writer’s phrasing and sentence structure. Even if there is a footnote or citation attached to the copy-cat sentence, it is still plagiarism if another writer’s words are not enclosed in quotation marks.

"I copied and pasted from several different websites, and after I wrote the paper I forgot which words were mine and which were from other people, so I didn’t know where to put the quotation marks. Then I forgot to write down the URLs and I couldn’t find any of the websites again."
This is an all-too-common situation of sloppy research and note-taking methods with serious consequences.

This material is from Tufts University’s Preventing Plagiarism: Different Forms of Plagiarism page, except the definition of patch-writing which is from Judy Dyer, lecturer at the English Language Insitute.


Students will gain a better understanding of what constitutes plagiarism and will receive clear guidance on appropriate referencing, citation and paraphrasing of other people s work. Research Integrity identifies the principles and responsibilities required of every researcher throughout the research process, from planning through to publication, providing practical advice on dealing with complex issues.

Research Integrity identifies the principles and responsibilities required of every researcher throughout the research process, from planning through to publication, providing practical advice on dealing with complex issues.



An Ultimate Guide to Write a Killer Web Design Brief


Web design briefs are a very important part of the web design process. They help you get to know your client, understand their needs and goals, and make sure you are on the same page. They also help you communicate your ideas to your client.

In this guide, you will learn how to write a killer brief. You will learn what to include, what to leave out, and how to make your brief stand out from the rest. You’ll also learn the difference between a design brief and a project brief, and why it’s important to know the difference.

What is a Web Design BRIEF?

A “web design brief” is a document that describes your client’s project. It helps you and your client understand each other, and it helps you communicate with your client throughout the project. A design brief is a living document that evolves over the course of the project, so it is important to keep it up-to-date with the project’s progress. A web design “project brief”, on the other hand, is a one-time document that is used to describe the project to the client. A project brief is usually used at the beginning of a project, when you and the client are still getting to know each other. It is also used when you are ready to present the client with your design proposal. A good project brief will help the client understand what you are proposing, so they can make an informed decision about whether or not they want to proceed with your proposal. It will also help them understand what they can expect from you as their web designer.

It is important that you understand the differences between a “design brief” and a “project brief”, and that you use the right one for the right situation. If you are unsure which one to use, ask yourself the following questions:

1. What is the purpose of this document?

2. Who is it for?

3. When will it be used?

4. What will it look like?

5. What information will it contain?

6. How will it help me communicate with my client?

7. What should I leave out?

8. How can I make it stand out?

Design Brief vs. Project Brief

Design briefs and project briefs are very similar, but there are a few key differences between the two. The main difference is that a design project brief describes the project in general terms, while a design brief describes a specific project. For example, if you are designing a website for a restaurant, the project brief would describe the restaurant as a whole, while the design brief would focus on the restaurant’s logo, menu, and layout. The design brief will also be used to communicate with the client, and to make sure the client understands what they are getting themselves into. The project brief on the hand, will be used by the client to decide if they want you to design their website, and if they do, it will help you present your proposal to them.

The other main difference between design briefs and design project briefs is that project briefs tend to be more formal than design briefs. Project briefs are usually written in the third person, while design briefs can be written in either the third or the first person. The third person is more formal, and tends to be used when the client is the focus of the document. The first person is informal, and can be used in any situation where you want to talk about yourself or your work. It can also be a great way to introduce yourself to a new client, or to a potential client. You can learn more about writing in the first and third person in the [Writing in the First and Third Person](writing-in-the-first-and-third-person) section of this guide.


There are a lot of things you should include in your web design briefs, but the most important thing to include is yourself. You are the web designer, so you should be the one who is writing the brief. This way, you can make sure that you are talking about the project from your perspective, and not from the client’s perspective. You should also include the following information in your design brief:

1. Your name

2. Your contact information

3. The name of the client

4. The purpose of the brief

5. The client’s budget

6. The type of project

7. The deadline

8. Your availability

9. Your experience

10. Your portfolio

11. Your hourly rate

12. Any other information you think the client should know

13. Any questions the client may have

14. Any special requirements the client has

15. Anything else you think is important

16. Any additional information that you think should be included in the brief, but is not listed above

17. Any links to your portfolio, blog, or social media accounts

18. Any websites you have designed in the past

19. Any previous projects you have worked on

20. Any upcoming projects you are working on

The following sections will go over each of these points in more detail.

The 9 Best Books on Writing That’ll Help You Master Your Craft

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The 9 Best Books on Writing That’ll Help You Master Your Craft

You have several half-read books on writing stacked up on your nightstand, several more squirreled away in a desk drawer and a dozen more on book recommendations your Amazon wish list.

You scrutinize all the books that “customers also bought” looking for those one-of-a-kind books that will transform you into a great writer that clients and readers adore. You jump “inside the book” to read the table of contents and credits and page through the free preview.

Books have an uncanny power to teach us, to transport us, to move us light years beyond our ordinary lives. If we could only find the right books, the tried-and-true books written by trusted masters. So we keep looking.

And once in a while you find a writing book that speaks to your heart and gets to the core of what you’re struggling with right now. It changes you. It changes your writing. It changes your life.

The 3 Critical Disciplines You Need to Develop as a Writer

1. Brutal Honesty

First, you need to cultivate a brutal, raw honesty. You need to accept that not every power word, every emotional thought, every first draft, every adjective-loaded sentence that flows from your hot fingertips is precious.

I mentored many rookie reporters who had a cocky, almost swaggering pride at where their writing skills landed them out of college. A few weeks in a newsroom with a couple of crusty copyeditors exploded that attitude. Then, they were ready to listen.

Objectively, unemotionally and dispassionately analyzing your writing is one of the most valuable skills you can develop to further your writing opportunities. And as a side benefit, you’ll also be able to handle scathing criticism from ruthless editors.

2. Linguistic Appreciation

Good writing has a rhythm, that deliberate cadence the writer creates in your mind as you read. Marvel at the perfectly placed and exquisitely balanced use of illusion, surprise and metaphor, and crave to imitate it.

3. Insatiable Curiosity

Yes, writing is a solitary, emotional craft. And learning to improve our writing can feel like solitary confinement without guidance and reassurance. We can learn from teachers, from workshops, from books, but ultimately success is up to us, alone with our notepad or laptop.

10 Writing Books Every Writer Should Read

On Writing

on writing

Yet, when confronted with the idea of listening to his audiobook (narrated by the author himself), I decided to buy it and see what this bestselling author has to say about the craft. I don’t really know why I bought it; it just caught my eye.

I wasn’t expecting to learn as much as I did from his book. If you’ve read some of my articles on this site, you will have surely seen I quote him every two articles. On Writing is that good.

Best Quotes from On Writing

Let’s get one thing clear right now, shall we? There is no Idea Dump, no Story Central, no Island of the Buried Bestsellers; good story ideas seem to come quite literally from nowhere, sailing at you right out of the empty sky: two previously unrelated ideas come together and make something new under the sun. Your job isn’t to find these ideas but to recognize them when they show up.

There is a muse, but he’s not going to come fluttering down into your writing room and scatter creative fairy-dust all over your typewriter or computer station. He lives in the ground. He’s a basement guy. You have to descend to his level, and once you get down there you have to furnish an apartment for him to live in. You have to do all the grunt labor, in other words, while the muse sits and smokes cigars and admires his bowling trophies and pretends to ignore you. Do you think this is fair? I think it’s fair. He may not be much to look at, that muse-guy, and he may not be much of a conversationalist (what I get out of mine is mostly surly grunts, unless he’s on duty), but he’s got the inspiration. It’s right that you should do all the work and burn all the midnight oil, because the guy with the cigar and the little wings has got a bag of magic. There’s stuff in there that can change your life.

Perfect For: Any type of writer—fiction or nonfiction—who’s struggling to find their muse, who wants to know what it feels like to be a writer, and who wants to master the writing skills to become better at their craft.

The Elements of Style

writing books the elements of style

Originally written by William Strunk Jr. in 1918 (yes, over one hundred years ago!), and edited in 1959 by E.B. White, this book is as useful today as it was back in the analog days of writing.

These rules continue to be pretty basic, but since they relate to the style of composition, they affect the way you write with more power than the previous grammar rules from the first section.

Coming from an era where writing wasn’t as simple as opening a laptop and writing anything you like knowing that you can erase what you write in one swoop, the authors emphasize the importance of clarity.

In the first section of the two mentioned, the authors talk about how to use parentheses, hyphens, and references—all highly technical concepts but still useful for anyone who wants to know the “standard” way of using those elements of writing.

In the second of the two, one of the largest of the book, the authors take a dictionary-like approach, talking about common homophones, homographs, and other commonly misused expressions. This section is meant to be used mostly as a reference point than as a tool for learning.

The final section, “An Approach to Style (with A List of Reminders)” minds itself on different writing style recommendations. I’ve found this section to be the most useful as it focuses on the actual elements of style.

Named by Time as one of the 100 best and most influential books written in English since 1923, there’s hardly any better book to start working on your writing skills than with The Elements of Style. Do yourself — and your readers — a favor, and pick a copy.

Best Quotes from The Elements of Style

The use of language begins with imitation. […] Never imitate consciously, but do not worry about being an imitator; take pains instead of admiring what is good. Then when you write in a way that comes naturally, you will echo the halloos that bear repeating.

Rich, ornate prose is hard to digest, generally unwholesome, and sometimes nauseating. When writing with a computer, you must guard against wordiness. The click and flow of a word processor can be seductive, and you may find yourself adding a few unnecessary words or even a whole passage just to experience the pleasure of running your fingers over the keyboard and watching your words appear on the screen. It is always a good idea to reread your writing later and ruthlessly delete the excess.



7 Steps to Manifest Something By Writing It Down

how to write a manifestation journal | how to manifest love by writing it down | how to manifest on paper overnight

7 Steps to Manifest Something By Writing It Down

There might be affiliate links on this page, which means we get a small commission of anything you buy. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. Please do your own research before making any online purchase.

Personal and professional growth can happen faster just from knowing how to manifest something by writing it down. Does this surprise you? If so, keep reading to learn more about this powerful tool.

Writing is thought made permanent. You also see your thoughts on paper. I read that in a book as a teenager and those statements have been etched in my memory ever since. I’ve used those notions to my advantage to accomplish many life goals, including becoming a writer and paralegal.

In addition to making them visible, penning your thoughts on paper is almost like engraving them on your brain. A 2021 study found there’s a greater chance the information will stick in your memory longer. More importantly, you’re able to visualize your thoughts, emotions, plans, and goals and take action to achieve the desired outcome.

How To Manifest Something By Writing It Down

Worry not, it’s nothing complicated. You will not have to do voodoo magic to manifest the life you desire. All you need to do is define your goal(s) and follow these simple steps to make it a reality:

1. Choose your manifestation journal and template

woman writing in her notebook

Once you have your manifestation journal, start thinking about templates. By this, I mean that you can choose to write stories about your future life, turn your journal into a gratitude journal, or create a simple manifestation list of your goals.

From personal experience, I think it’s best to combine all of these templates. That way, you’ll make sure to make it a fun experience, and you’ll increase your chances of manifesting.

2. Sum up your thoughts

Keep in mind that if you don’t know what exactly you want, the Universe will be confused. That is why you need to be clear and concise when it comes to your desires.

3. Expand your desire

young girl sitting and writing in notebook

Tap into your subconscious mind to get a clear picture of your inner desires. Now is the time to write things down in great detail. Define what exactly you want, how much of it you want, etc.

Now that I finally met someone who will love me unconditionally, I feel so happy and fulfilled. Thank you, Universe. Our relationship is filled with respect, trust, and undying love. I feel appreciated and loved. I’m so grateful for all their declarations of love and effort…

The main point here is to write as if the thing you desired already happened to you, and as you’re writing it, you’re actually experiencing it. Why should you do that?

4. Back up your desire

woman writing in notebook

You will create a positive environment that will attract more positivity into your life by thinking about your intentions. However, if your desires are negative, you won’t succeed in tapping into high vibrational energy.

5. Convert negative thoughts into positive ones

woman writing in diary after shower

By this, I mean converting any negative thoughts into positive ones. You’ll do it by first writing down negative things that come to mind and then turning them into positive statements. Consider this also as a form of self-care.

6. Use the power of positive affirmations

woman sitting by beach and writing in notebook

Sometimes, the only reason we have difficulty attracting something in our lives is that we think we don’t deserve it. If we think that, how will we be able to manifest it, right?

Writing down these affirmations will evoke positive feelings and put you into higher vibrational energy. Yup, this is one of my favorite manifestation methods, and it definitely works.

When I don’t have time to write them, I stand in front of a mirror and repeat these affirmations. I immediately start feeling the flow of positivity through my body, so that’s how I know that they totally work.

7. Repetition is the key

The secret to manifesting and living your dream life is in repetition. Funny, I know. This means that writing down your desires once is often not enough to attract something.

You need to do it repetitively for some time, and then you can take a pause. What’s also important is the feeling after you’re finished writing your desires that day.

8. Act in alignment with your desired life

tourist woman writing in notebook

Acting in alignment means living your life as if you already have all the things you desire. For example, if you wish to have a happy love life, you need to tap into those emotions.

As you’re writing them, focus on imagining how you would feel if certain things happened to you. Pretend that you’re in a movie and have the power to create different scenarios.

9. Detach from the desired outcome

Detaching means surrendering yourself to the Universe. You see, sometimes we don’t get what we desire, and that is not because our manifestation failed. It’s because the Universe or God has something better in store for us.



7 Steps to Manifest Something By Writing It Down

5 Killer Tips for Managing a Successful Side Hustle While Working

7 Steps to Manifest Something By Writing It Down

There might be affiliate links on this page, which means we get a small commission of anything you buy. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. Please do your own research before making any online purchase.

Personal and professional growth can happen faster just from knowing how to manifest something by writing it down. Does this surprise you? If so, keep reading to learn more about this powerful tool.

Writing is thought made permanent. You also see your thoughts on paper. I read that in a book as a teenager and those statements have been etched in my memory ever since. I’ve used those notions to my advantage to accomplish many life goals, including becoming a writer and paralegal.

In addition to making them visible, penning your thoughts on paper is almost like engraving them on your brain. A 2021 study found there’s a greater chance the information will stick in your memory longer. More importantly, you’re able to visualize your thoughts, emotions, plans, and goals and take action to achieve the desired outcome.

How Do Writing Things down Help them Manifest?

Dozens of thoughts race through our minds each day. We forget most of them unless they have some significance. Even important thoughts and plans can slip our minds, regardless of whether or not we verbalize them. Writing changes words into a living force that’s capable of becoming something real.

Did you scribble your dream of becoming an artist as a child then forgot about it? Today you’re an artist. As you reflect on it, you can see how writing it down could’ve inspired your career. That’s the connection!

Not only does jotting things down serve as visible reminders, doing so also provides clarity of thought, and enables you to reflect, focus, and take action. Having the confidence and inner drive to vigorously pursue what you want means your dreams can manifest faster.

The Unexplained Connection Between Spirituality and Manifestation

Connection Between Spirituality and Manifestation

So, whenever we manifest something with pure faith, we signal our inner soul (God) that we require that thing. Further, our inner soul takes the role of the creator and fulfills our requirements.

Once you level up spiritually, your power of manifestation multiplies because spirituality helps you gain better self-control. Further, improved self-control helps you have better control over your thoughts and navigate them in a positive direction.
Finally, as soon as it becomes easy to have positive thoughts in your mind, it becomes easier to practice manifestation.

How to Manifest Something By Writing it Down in 9 Steps (Turn Your Desires into Reality!)

1. Be Accepting.

The first step is to open yourself to the universe so that you can receive what the universe has to offer. You have to create a mindset that is open to opportunities and ready to accept things.

Don’t expect your desires to get accomplished 100% according to your plan. You might receive your manifestations in a different form!
For example, Imagine you manifested a job that would pay you well. So, you might get a job that pays exceptionally well but is non-permanent (contract-based).

2. Pick a Fresh Journal and Your Favorite Pen.

Pick a Journal and Start Manifesting

A “new journal” or a “journal with dedicated sections for manifestation” would make it much handier to access your manifestations. You need to keep those manifestations handy as they are your topmost priority!

3. Dive Deep into Your Desires.

Ask yourself questions like- “What do you want?” and “Why do you want it?”
The answers to these questions will help you prioritize your needs and eliminate the desires that are actually useless.

4. Clarify Intention & Get Rid of Any Uncertainty.

Also, for effective manifestation, you need to have complete faith that whatever you want will definitely come true. Don’t be double-minded or uncertain whether your aspirations will come true or not because this way, you’ll send confusing energies and signals to the universe.

5. Imagine a World Where Your Desires Existed.

Just close your eyes and visualize how your life would be if your desires turned into reality. Think of what you’ll feel and how your life will change for good.
Allow your imagination to go wild and thoughts to flow freely.

6. List Down Affirmations.

They play a vital role in manifestation because they make you feel that you’re getting one step closer to your desires each day. Further, they also help you maintain a strong belief in your aspirations.

Coming onto how to use affirmations, you can choose to write them down, recite them in your head, or speak them out aloud (whatever works the best for you). Just make sure that you use them daily.

7. Use Your Resources Wisely.

It’s time to take some positive actions towards your manifestations. Don’t think that a miracle will happen without doing anything, and your aspirations will automatically come true.

You must also note: Don’t get so obsessed with your manifestation journal that you waste your time looking at it for the whole day. It will only lead to fear and stress related to accomplishing your desires.
Instead, once you’ve completed writing your manifestation journal, put it into a drawer, fly away, and don’t open it until the next day.

8. Check Your Journal Daily.

Daily writing of your manifestations will help you align your energies, tasks, and set intentions for the day. It will help you keep the feeling of accomplishment alive and stay motivated throughout the day. It will also remind you and the universe about your desires.

Also, make sure to use affirmations that will provide you the boost needed to maintain the positivity of your thoughts by making you feel that you’re getting closer to your desires each day.

9. Review Yourself Weekly.

Review Yourself Weekly

A weekly review is necessary to check that your energies and thoughts were aligned perfectly with your desires during the whole week.
It will also help you track yourself on the manifestation journey and identify your “fulfilled” and “yet to get fulfilled” aspirations.

So now that you know how to manifest something by writing it down, how many times do you write something to manifest it?

Write it everyday if it’s all you can think about and don’t feel silly for doing it. True story, when I was studying for the bar exam to become a lawyer, I wrote “I will pass the bar exam.” On whatever piece of paper I could find. I wrote it all over sticky notes and put them everywhere around my apartment. I mean they were everywhere from my Keurig, to my TV, to the bathroom mirror.

I drove my roommate nuts. I even wrote it like 40 times on a poster board and taped it to my door. Needless to say, I passed the bar exam and my roommate changed her tune and asked for my stick notes and then took my poster board and taped it to her door when it was time for her to take the exam.

6 Things to be Cautious of When Starting an Online Business. Tips from a Lawyer




Is a College Degree Still Worth It?

Pros and Cons of College Education

Is a College Degree Still Worth It?

Excited about the prospect of teaching, Ms. Perez fretted about going deep into debt for a four-year degree. There is reason for concern. Student debt, now estimated at 800.4 trillion nationally, is blamed for financially shackling so many college grads and often banishing them to their parents’ basement.

Debt is surely a big reason that fewer Americans today believe that going to college is a good move. According to a Wall Street Journal/NBC News survey, only 49% said they believed a four-year degree was worth the time and money, compared with 47% who did not see the value of college. That narrow two-point margin was down from a 15-point spread in favor of college in a survey conducted four years earlier. People between the ages of 18 and 34 were especially skeptical about college. Some 57 percent registered a thumbs down on college, compared to only 29% who saw it as a smart path.

Such sentiments would appear to reflect a disconnect with hard data about the worth of a diploma. College graduates, on average, earn higher incomes, save more for retirement, and experience lower rates of unemployment. Even college grads with student debt are more likely to own a home than those with only a high school diploma.

Tens of millions of Americans have enrolled in college, taken out loans, but left school without a degree. The trap of debt-but-no diploma explains the seeming paradox that those with relatively small loans are much more likely to default than those with large debt. Those with bigger loans were more likely to have finished college and perhaps gone on to graduate school. Those who drop out of college, meanwhile, lack the credentials for the higher-paying jobs needed to repay loans. Some who majored in an esoteric field leave school to find a dearth of jobs. Others were burned by for-profit colleges, which often make big promises, but have very high default rates.

Andrew Merendino grew up in New Jersey with an aptitude for engineering, but a real passion for cooking. Still in high school, he had landed a good gig in the kitchen of a restaurant.

He enrolled in a private school in Pennsylvania with a focus on chemical engineering. He left after six semesters, with his interest in engineering fading and his debt rising. After a stint in a community college, he enrolled at the Philadelphia Art Institute to pursue culinary studies. He dropped out after his loans climbed to nearly $90,000.

He now works as an assistant manager in a pizza place. He earns about $18,000 a year. His loans have gone into default. His credit has been ruined. He continues to be contacted by loan collectors. A recent letter informed him that his income tax refund would be seized as payment for unpaid loans. When he tried to finance a car, his loan history triggered an interest rate of a whopping 26.8%.

Merendino, 29, is resigned to the likelihood that defaulting on his loans means he will never realize his dream of operating his own business or buying a house. It could even be a barrier to his hopes to marry and raise a family someday. “My significant other,” he noted, “would have to be willing to take on my risks.”

The insistence that a four-year degree is the only respected path, a message Merendino absorbed and now rejects, infuriates Maggie Thompson, the executive director of Generation Progress, the youth engagement arm of Center for American Progress, a Washington think tank.

“The drumbeat is so ingrained and it stigmatizes community colleges and trade schools,” she said. “For so many people with debt, but no degree, going to a four-year college was definitely not worth it.”

A study by the Georgetown University Center on Study and the Workforce found that 28% of those with an associate’s degree earn more than those with a bachelor’s degree. Andrew Hanson, an analyst with the Georgetown center, pointed to a friend who attended Harvard to study engineering and ultimately took a job as a school guidance counselor, earning less than his sister, who earned a nursing degree at a community college.

Janine Forte watched two older siblings enroll in four-year schools and go into significant debt. She took a more frugal route, commuting to Rowan College of Gloucester County in New Jersey and earning her associate’s degree in two years, without borrowing a cent. Shortly after her 20th birthday, she took a job as a paralegal starting at $40,000, an occupation that can climb toward annual earnings of $100,000.

“I got a jump on starting my career,” she said. “I know a lot of people my age who went to a four-year school, racked up a lot of debt and still don’t know what they want to do.” Without debt, Forte was able to buy a new car for a monthly payment that was almost exactly the same as her sister’s college loan payment.

Many students wait until late in college to draw the dots between a field of study and a job. As a mathematics major at Indiana University, Amanda Gault looked at the looming job market and grew anxious. “I have no idea what I’m going to do with this degree,” she fretted.

Quick Facts & Statistics on College Education – 2021

  • In today’s market, 35% of all job offers require at least a bachelor’s degree.
  • In 2019, the unemployment rate among those with a college degree was 2% compared to those with high school degrees at 5.5%.
  • On average bachelor’s degree holders earn 31% more than those with associate’s degrees and an incredible 84% more than those with just a high school diploma.
  • Due to the current crisis, 20% of students who were planning on enrolling in college now are reporting having second thoughts about enrolling in fall 2020.
  • The bachelor’s degree holders are 47% more likely to have health insurance with 74% of their health coverage being contributed by their employers compared to those holding high school degrees.

On a personal level, a college education can be a significant contributor to improving the quality of one’s life by helping one become more resourceful, responsible, and conscientious besides helping them develop knowledge and a particular set of skills in certain areas. These claims are supported by the Lumina Foundation report which established that:

1. College degree holders are demonstrating healthier habits than non-degree holders.

According to the Lumina Foundation report, higher education also means healthier habits which leads to a healthier lifestyle; they reported that based on their studies, the proportion of adults practicing smoking actually significantly decreases with an increase in education:

“The proportion of working-age adults smoking daily falls from 20% of high school graduates without college to 12% of holders of associate degrees, to 5% of those with bachelor’s degrees as their highest education credential, to 3% of holders of graduate degrees.”

Additionally, they continue to support this claim by providing a report from another NHIS survey that established a correlation between college education and exercise as well as college education and healthier eating habits.

2. College-educated citizens provide more help to society through volunteering.

The previously mentioned report showed the additional benefits of college education that assist in generating a better society; the studies showed that while the percentage of high school graduates who volunteered in their society is significantly low – 17%, this number goes way higher for more educated volunteers – 40% of working-age adults with at least bachelor degree participate in volunteering.

Many students see volunteering as a way to gain real-world experience and a chance to sharpen their problem-solving and leadership skills, so they start doing it at college; studies showed that 4% of college graduates (age 25 and above) volunteer each year. According to the last report on the page of the Corporation for National & Community Service, 25.7% of college students volunteered, which is over 3 million volunteers who did 286 million hours of service just in 2015.

Statistics are confirming that students are actually quite right about this: according to a study performed by Careerbuilder, the act of volunteerism is perceived as a valuable asset by over 60% of hiring managers when they are making recruitment decisions. They also confirmed that those who volunteer regularly have a 27% higher chance of getting employment.

3. College degree holders are better citizens: they donate 3 times more to charity.

While many may ascribe this to the fact that college degree holders have higher positions and therefore earn more money, it still doesn’t change the fact that college degree holders donate more.

According to the Corporation for National & Community Service, volunteers are twice as likely to donate to a charity, and college degree holders are 3 times as likely. Lumina Foundation report further adds that college degree holders also are more than twice likely to participate in different social organizations, such as community, school, or religious organizations.

Is College Worth the Cost in 2021?

Considering the current epidemic that shook the entire world and completely changed how the world works, at the beginning of this year, we witnessed many colleges withdrawing already accepted candidates, some waiting to see what happens before they announce their reopening, third already announcing it and others, deciding to start classes online in the fall. Considering how much of a rollercoaster the college news has been, many wonders is college worth it ? Is college necessary , are college degrees worth it in the upcoming years? The answer is yes, and statistics are here to back it up:

4. High school students are reconsidering going to college due to the pandemic.

Canceled classes, withdrawn applications, and pre-accepting candidates, confusing, non-clear messages regarding what colleges will offer this fall are the new reality for many high school students. Therefore, it’s not surprising that many students are reconsidering going to college: a Carnegie Dartlet survey which included 5000 seniors revealed that they are not sure whether they will be able to afford college; another study done in late March by SimpsonScarborough revealed that about 20% of high school respondents who were planning on enrolling in a 4-year college now are reconsidering their decisions.

5. College value will increase in 2020, hence making college degrees more valuable, desired, and needed.

The Guardian reported that in May, “the number of Americans who have lost their jobs in the past 10 weeks soared to more than 40 million” this means that the unemployment keeps on rising; the department of Labor reported that in March the unemployment rate was 4.4%, in April it jumped to 14.7% which is a drastic change and even more drastic is expected in May.

This means millions of people will be searching for jobs as soon as the situation improves, if not earlier; the question that students need to ask themselves then is, how will they be able to fight for a position in the pool of candidates without anything but a high-school degree?

With the Recession expected as an inevitable consequence of all this, it’s worth looking at the statistics from the last one to see the true value of college degrees and employment during the recession: At the peak of the great recession, 5% of bachelor degrees were jobless, compared to more than 3 times – 15.7% of youth workers with a high school degree.

Albeit there may be other factors that will influence the predictions for the 2020 recession for sure, we can’t neglect that college degree holders will most certainly have an advantage over non-college degree holders.

6. Сollege degree pays off and is key to economic opportunity.

If you are wondering are college degrees worth it , the answer is yes! According to the Centre of education and the Workforce, “College pays off over a lifetime, but occupation, gender, race and ethnicity matter too.” We will discuss more of these influences in the pro/con section. Moreover, they also report that a bachelor’s degree is valuable as on average bachelor’s degree holders earn 31% more than those with associate’s degrees and an incredible 84% more than those with just a high school diploma.



How to Write an Engaging Thesis Introduction?

thesis introduction

What is a Thesis Introduction?

A thesis introduction is the first chapter of your thesis. It informs the readers about several elements of your paper. These include the research objectives, the scope of the topic, and its usefulness.

Sharpness is the ability to directly communicate what your paper will discuss. It means that you should be specific in your thesis statement about the research aims and what you are going to focus on in your research.

When you are writing your thesis introduction, make sure that what you write is relevant to the topic of discussion. It should help the readers understand the thesis topic clearly and easily.

Last but not least clarity means that what you are going to discuss should be clear in the thesis introduction. You need to ensure that anyone who reads the beginning of your paper would be able to develop a good idea of your research’s aim.

Components of a Good Thesis Introduction

Thesis Introduction Outline

Your introduction must have a hook to interest your readers. It can be in the form of previous researches, an unusual phenomenon that you observed, or something that has made you curious about the subject.

It is necessary to give a background note in order to have a good thesis introduction. It will provide the necessary information about the topic of discussion. It can include previous researches, theories, assumptions, and ideas that are relevant to this paper.

This will present what you are going to discuss. It is usually written in one sentence and this should be stated in simple terms so that it will be clear to the readers what your paper is about.

You have to state the main points of discussion or what you are going to present in your research. You must organize your paper in a way that will be easy for the readers to understand and follow. The main points should be briefly discussed and organized so that they would easily fit in one paragraph.



How to Set Up a Home Network- Beginners Guide

SolarWinds Port Scanner

How to Set Up a Home Network- Beginners Guide

Choosing a Wired or Wireless Network

Wired networks use Ethernet over UTP cable and tend to be faster than wireless networks, which is an important consideration if you are a gamer. The simple wired home network diagram below shows a minimum setup with a switch and broadband router.


Wired Network Advantages

Wired Network Dis-Advantages

Main Uses

Home Wireless Networks

Wireless Network Advantages

Wireless Network Dis-Advantages

Main Uses

Setting up a Home Network -Components and Structure

Today however most home and small home office networks will use a wireless network or mixed network, as most people use Smart phones, and tablets which don’t have Ethernet support.


The home network diagram below shows the structure of a typical small home network

For most home networks the Wireless Router or Hub which connects the network to the Internet will be the main component of the home or small home office network, and in many cases it will be the only component.

DSL Modem– converts digital signals into analogue signals that are suitable for sending over a telephone line. It is usually built into the Internet/broadband router and is not normally purchased as a separate component.

DSL/Broadband Filter– Used to filter out DSL signals from telephone signals so that you can access the internet and use the telephone simultaneously. Often included as part of the connection socket.

Wireless Router Location

The easiest way of testing you signal strength in various locations is to use the inSSIDer Wi-Fi checker which is an App that you can install on your Android Tablet or phone.

The general idea is to place the Wireless router in its preferred location and then move around the house with the inSSIDer Wi-Fi checker, and check the signal strength, and then adjust the location if necessary.

Extending Your Home Network

Home Router Setup

The two important one are the SSID used to access the Router and the router admin password as the default username/passwords are well known, and published on the Internet.

Connecting Wi-Fi Devices

However most modern Wi-Fi routers/hubs support a feature called WPS ( Wi-fi protected setup). Which usually involves pressing a button on the wi_fi router and a corresponding WPS connection button on the Device.

Home Network IP Addresses

IP address provided by the DHCP server are known as dynamic addresses, as they can change. You can also assign addresses manually, and these are known as static addresses.

When you connect to the Internet your device will use an external IP address. This address is the IP address of the router/hub. See Internal vs external IP addresses for a more detailed explanation.

Finding Your DNS, IP, MAC Addresses and Router IP Addess


Your home router is your gateway to the Internet. When viewing your configuration some devices refer to it as the default router whereas other use the term default gateway.

Splitting Your Home Network

For security reasons you may find the need to split your home network. This is especially true in small business networks like restaurants etc were customers are also given access to the network.

Firewall Configuration on Home Networks

A Firewall functions like a router, and generally what you use on small networks is firewall/NAT router combination in which a single device acts as a NAT router and firewall.

It effectively acts like a one way digital gate blocking access to your network from devices on the Internet, but at the same time allowing devices on your network to connect to devices on the Internet. (schematic diagram below)


Generally there is no configuration required as the default behaviour is only to allow connections from the local network to the Internet, and not from the Internet to the home network.

How can you test network stability?

Checking network connectivity

Network connectivity should never be lost; period. Apart from being up, it should also be fast and not prone to dropping packets. This can be done using three methods:

  • There are tools out there that help administrators keep track of their networks. One such tool is the Paessler PRTG Network Monitor (FREE TRIAL). This is an all-in-one network monitoring suite of programs that keep a constant eye on the connectivity between a host network and a test server like Google, for example, which aren’t expected to be down – ever.
  • If you have a grasp of even the basics of networking, you can conduct the test yourself using free tools like Ping and Tracert. If you don’t, keep on reading and we will show you how it is done.
  • Finally, connectivity and health testing can be done using third-party websites like Internet Health Test or Ping Can Be Useful. While these are the easiest way to go, they really don’t give in-depth information about network connectivity issues – at least not for free.

Monitoring network data

Only the right type of data should be transported on a network and not, for example, spam data from an attacker on the outside. In another scenario, servers shouldn’t be backed up during peak processing hours when they could hog the bandwidth.

Administrators should, therefore, keep track of what data packet is passing through their networks. They can use numerous deep packet inspection and network analysis tools found on the market which can be used to keep an eye on traffic and filter it as required.

Maintaining packet speeds across the connection

There shouldn’t be any attrition or loss of data speeds. Packets shouldn’t be dropped because the network is too congested, an access point is not up or performing as well as it should be, or because the specific packets have been blocked by mistake.

Administrators should have a plan as to how much bandwidth is allocated to every aspect of your data transportation – give more to VoIP and less to email traffic, for example, so audio communication doesn’t lag.

Ensuring network protection

Tools for Network Security and Stability

Finally, administrators know that their networks will only be stable as long as people who aren’t supposed to be on them are kept away. If outsiders keep meddling with data, configurations, and authorizations they will soon be able to hijack the network. They can then use it as a springboard for further attacks, hack the devices connected on it, or simply crash it.



Give Zero F**ks: How to Care Less About What Other People Think

How to stop feeling guilty about unfinished work?

I am pretty good at making sure to take care of myself, because I know it’s important. I can force myself to go for a run, get something to eat, participate in a regular activity that’s not related to academia. But I can’t turn off the voice in my head that keeps nagging me about the work that’s waiting for me back at the office.

This is especially true when there are deadlines and people relying on me to meet them. On top of my research, I have mentees I should be spending more time with, students we won’t be able to hire if I don’t get my grant-writing act together, collaborators who keep asking when I’m going to write up that work we did together last summer. If I don’t do this, nobody else will; it’s not like a normal workplace, where your boss can reassign an important task if you are too overloaded to handle it.

One technique I’ve tried with limited success is to make a daily to-do list that is limited to three items, and tell myself that I’m not allowed to feel guilty about not doing things that aren’t on the list. It works when I’m not terribly busy. but most of the time it doesn’t.

Also related is How should I deal with discouragement as a graduate student? but those answers seem to address how to convince yourself that your efforts are worthwhile. I (usually) realize that my efforts are worthwhile, I don’t know how to convince myself that I’m putting in “enough” effort (whatever that means).

“it’s not like a normal workplace, where your boss can reassign an important task if you are too overloaded to handle it.” I think you have a very idealized image of non-academic workplaces if you think this is the rule. I’m not saying it doesn’t happen, but if something has to be done, it has to be done, no matter how “overloaded” you are. Like one of my former bosses used to say: if 24h are not enough, you have to work through the night 😉 This is just a bit of perspective from an applied research, but non-academic, context.

“A consequence of working in research is that the end is never in sight – unlike other jobs, there is always more work for you to do. ” -> As Christina said, your view is very idealized. There is not much of a difference regarding the “State of Done” between project based work and academia. A lot of people do week- or even year-long project work; nothing special about your job in that regard 😉 My knowledge of human nature says you are about 25 years old right? This is the age I observed many people seeing themselves in a very special situation (me too) that really isn’t. Time will tell you:)

I’m not sure if this question can really be answered here; the source of guilt can be very straightforward or very deep-rooted and varies greatly from person to person, and dealing with those feelings can range from simple self-reassurance all the way to identifying underlying causes through possible therapy. You’re touching on potentially deep psychological behaviors. Personally, I suggest taking the “little-kid-asking-why” self-examination approach: Why do you feel guilty? Why? Why? Once you get deep enough and hit a wall coming up with answers, you know you’ve gotten to the good stuff!

Unlike other jobs? Maybe you need to reconsider this. Most jobs are never-ending, and many are even completely unrewarding. Imagine retail. You will never “finish” retail. There aren’t even nice sub-tasks to finish.

Give Zero F*cks

Too many times we’re relying on other people’s opinions about us and our choices. The truth us, no one knows you better than you do. Take a day, a week, a year – however long it takes – to decide what you really want (regardless of what other people think you’re capable of), identify what is really good for you (regardless of what other people want for you), and make those convictions more important than anything anyone else says.

Only you can know what the right path is, and as they say, there is a voice that speaks without words. Listen to that voice; that voice is your highest self. Trust your gut, follow your instinct.

Insecurities, fears and doubts about ourselves only have power when we feed them with our attention. The more we pay attention to our insecurities, the more we feed them, and the stronger they become. Stop feeding your insecurities, stop obsessing over your fears, stop playing stories and thoughts about all the doubts and criticisms about your life and your body in your head on repeat. Give zero f**cks to the thoughts that make you feel bad about yourself.

Instead, start feeding your conviction. Start thinking more about the parts of yourself that you love: your creativity, your compassion, your ability to problem solve, your curves. Start obsessing over what you think is great about you – feed those thoughts, repeat those stories. Whatever you feed becomes most powerful; so take the power away from your insecurity and put it back where it belongs. Yes, your mind are strong enough to do that! Stop giving away your power!

Sometimes ignorance – as in ignoring something – really is bliss, especially when that thing is a hateful rant or a judgmental criticism. I learned this the hard way after writing an article on why I’m not ready for marriage even though I’m in a years-long relationship. Reading the comments is rarely a good idea, because other people will always provide over-stepping opinions that will just piss you off. On your instagram and facebook posts, on your blog, on celebrity gossip websites, wherever. If there’s a chance someone has something awful to say about you or to you, just stay away from that. Keep in mind that constructive criticism is very different, and you’ll need to learn that difference in order to grow. (You can usually tell the difference because criticism offers guidance for your potential and comes from people you admire, as opposed to harsh judgments and rudeness from total strangers.)
Only you are in charge maintaining the quality of what you allow into your mind, and that goes for what you read, watch, and listen to.

Validation. A better work environment. Forgiveness. Anything – if you want it, give it to yourself. Trust yourself enough to know which paths and efforts feel right for you, individually. This is about honoring and trusting yourself enough to believe that there are rights and wrongs for you, that there are things you are worthy of (like love), and you’re in charge of putting the rights into your own life.

Empty bank account, in a fight with your sister/bff, you showed up late to work today and your boss has been giving you side-eye. There’s a lot of things that could be going very wrong. Don’t brush it off, don’t try to avoid it; give a little breathing room for circumstances that aren’t going your way. Accept it rather than try to deny that it’s happening, or lying to people about it.

The only thing that can make your life worse when things aren’t going your way is when you don’t let your heart break, don’t allow space for the disappointment or pain, and try to judge yourself as a failure on top of trying to deal with everything going wrong. It’s ok to struggle, it’s ok for things to be a little messy, that’s just life. It’s not ok to make a conclusion about your own worth just because things fall apart. And trust me, they will fall apart now and again. The strongest bridges in the world still need maintenance to hold things together. So things aren’t ok? It’s ok that they aren’t ok, ok? You’re doing the best you can.

The point is that you understand your time and energy are limited. You do not have enough of these to be giving them to everyone and everything around you. Focus on what’s important to you. Be cautious about where you give your attention. You are a powerful, vivacious being and what you allow in your mind and heart ultimately affect the quality of your life. Stop giving your f**cks to things and people that hurt you. Start giving your all to things and people that help you evolve into a better and better you.

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Okay so maybe now you’re convinced that you just need to chill out a bit over work and not take your work life so seriously. But how do you do it? It’s not a switch you can just flick off. If someone is are acting like an idiot at work, you can’t just turn that emotion off right? It takes time and practice to chill out so below are a few ways to help:

1.) Remind yourself that your job is for paying the bills, and the lifestyle you want.

Set goals in your personal life. For example for me I want to buy a house, and I know that my job contributes towards saving for that house. This is what my job is for, my job doesn’t define me. Just because a colleague was being dick today doesn’t mean I’m shit, it means I’ve ticked off another day towards getting paid, and towards living in that dream house with my husband.

2.) Remind yourself that there are more senior people than you who can do the caring.

There are leaders in the business who are probably paid more than twice what you earn so let them deal with it. So if they are happy to let the company make the wrong decision or turn a blind eye to problems, why are you caring more than them?

If your company is rotten, you’re not really going to be the one to change that. These are systemic, structural and cultural problems that you alone will not and should not be responsible for fixing.

3.) Put across your opinion, but if they don’t follow up, shrug it off and let them reap what they sow

Again there is a fine balance between not giving a shit at work and caring less. So still use your brain, offer your opinion and practice using your voice. You don’t want to get into a habit of not thinking and not being confident enough to air your views, you may eventually move to another job where people do value your thoughts so you don’t want to lose that muscle. However if your company isn’t listening, then that is their problem. End of.


4.) Realise that there is no point constantly trying to prove your value to people who cannot see it

Some things in life you will never be able to change. If your boss or company have labelled you as junior when you’re not junior and they don’t respect or value you then it’s possible you will never be able to change their minds. If you’ve already thrown everything you can at it and there is no improvement accept that they will not change. Don’t get into the downwards spiral of constantly trying to prove yourself. Your 200% effort will become the new 100% and so you’ll have to put in 300% effort and then 400% and so on, just to try and prove you’re more than what they see of you. It ain’t gonna happen. This is when work starts to become your whole life. Don’t let work take over your entire life or let it define who you are or how you feel about yourself.

5.) Try ranting a bit less! Create boundaries between work life and personal life.

Don’t get me wrong, it’s good to offload frustrations. But set a time limit like 30 minutes and then start living your personal life. Do you really want to be that person where your friend asks you how you’re doing and you spend the next entire 2 hours moaning about work?

The more you start creating stronger boundaries between your work life and personal life, the more you stop work becoming such a core part of who you are and letting work define whether you’re happy or not happy.

This means switching off from work when its 5pm. It also means taking your unpaid for lunch hour. Of course there are times you may need to work overtime to get some things done, but on the whole try to really limit working more than you need to.



Baby Boomers

Baby Boomers

The Baby Boomer Generation

From now until 2030, 10,000 Baby Boomers each day will hit retirement age. Millions will begin to officially retire, collect social security checks and go on Medicare. Other Boomers will keep on working either out of financial necessity or out of some less tangible need like identity and self-worth.

In the several decades prior to the Boom, babies in the U.S. were born at a rate of about 2.5 million a year. Then in 1946, this rate exploded to 3.4 million and maintained this pace for the next few decades. The peak years were 1957 and 1961 with 4.3 million births a year. In all, these years produced about 76 million Baby Boomers. The official retirement age to receive a Social Security check is 62. At 65, you’ll automatically receive Medicare which covers basic health care at 80%. If you wait to retire until you’re 67, your benefit will be about 30% higher than at 62. Wait another three years to retire and you could receive a 75% bigger check. It certainly pays to wait.

Are you a Baby Boomer or do you have a loved one that is? This generation was one of the largest in American history, and it is perhaps one of the most important right now when it comes to senior living. This group of people has very unique personalities, and their life histories are vastly different than today’s younger generation. Here’s a closer look at who they are and what they stand for.

The Baby Boom

The “baby boom” period defined and gave people born in this generation the name “baby boomers.” The baby boom phenomenon in the United States was a sharp rise in birth rates soon after World War II, beginning in 1946 where a record was broken for the highest ever number of births in a calendar year in U.S. history. Around 3.4 million births were recorded during the year.

The trend was only beginning, as higher births continued to be recorded until 1964. Between three million to four million births were recorded annually during the period. The U.S. baby-boom population was about 72.5 million in 1964 and peaked at 78.5 million in 1999 by including immigrants to the U.S. born in the same period. It was the largest generational cohort before being overtaken by millennials.

Baby Boom - US Fertility Rate 1940-1975

  • Soldiers returning from the war came back home with a zeal to start families and raise children after holding off on marriage until after the war.
  • The improved economic position of the United States soon after the war encouraged raising more children.
  • The U.S. government encouraged the growth of families after the war.
  • The effects of the war and the Great Depression had started to subside such that people were more hopeful and optimistic of a better future for their families.
  • Popular culture, which was gaining significance after the war, glorified marriage, pregnancy, and parenthood.
  • The passing of the G.I. Bill of Rights by the U.S. Congress gave American veterans economic and educational opportunities, which supported them in pursuing higher education and homeownership at very low interest rates on loans.
  • Soon after the war, the increased safety with childbirths was also a credible cause, as the average marriage age of women decreased from 22 to 20.
  • The high urbanization rate and the low cost of living in the city and suburbs encouraged starting families after moving to these areas.
  • The availability of credit spurred borrowing and enabled support for large families.

Boomer Favorites

Clearly, Late Boomers are a complex species. I called another person with a December 31, 1964, birthday — Shannon Borg, a poet, author and wine writer living in the San Juan Islands, north of Seattle. “I grew up as the youngest boomer,” she writes, “in a house full of them.” (Being a writer, she prefers to answer via email.) According to Shannon, boomers “took much of the promise of post-WWII Earth and frittered it away around the world.” But she also credits them for making “a totally new paradigm for what it is to be an American.”

Baby boom — good or evil? Shannon won’t play that game; she resists my efforts to pin down her generational allegiances: “What polarizes us is the labeling and categorizing into increasingly small boxes. Us against them. Right versus left. This generation versus that. It makes good journalism, but bad politics.”

My next call was to a man in the Midwest, born at 11:29 p.m. on that December 31. I’ll call him Max. He didn’t want his name used, and can’t fathom why I’m doing a story on the Last Boomers. “I don’t think it has much meaning.” I press him. “People my age don’t think about it much.” Didn’t the baby boom have any impact? He allows that he remembers a little of the “feeling of the ’60s.” Which was? “Anything goes.” Max went into the military.

In the late 1960s, there was indeed a short period of anything goes. Then everything went. Now it’s the Republicans who remember Woodstock. And yet, the world is inarguably a very different place from what it was when the Greatest Generation ran it, and the Last Boomers are part of that transformation — even if they prefer not to admit it.

Finally, I reached out to a man who has a strong claim to being the very last Last Boomer. He was born minutes before midnight in America’s westernmost time zone. But all attempts to contact him — by phone, email and social media — were met with gnomic silence.

So I stalked him on Facebook. I’ll call him Ace, after Ace Frehley, ex-guitarist in Kiss. This Ace is a heavy metal drummer, and Kiss is his favorite band. I found an album recorded by our Ace’s band in the late 1990s. It was weightily heavy and metallically metal. But Ace’s Facebook presence is modest — tributes to other bands, snapshots from his relationship with an attractive woman, pictures of cats.

A lover of loud music leading a quiet and kitty-filled life, a performer in an exhibitionist genre who skips an opportunity to exhibit himself — perhaps Ace, whoever he is, embodies the contradictions of the Last Boomers. They’re like the quiet youngest child in a big family of loudmouth older siblings. They grew up in the baby boom universe and take it for granted. They may not know that there was ever another cosmos.

No Going Back

Now imagine dropping a Last Boomer into the Greatest Generation galaxy, the one those big siblings saw. Where it’s considered innately hilarious on TV to be black (The Amos ‘n Andy Show) or gay (Percy Dovetonsils on The Ernie Kovacs Show) or a woman who doesn’t want to stay home (I Love Lucy). Where Masters and Johnson just discovered sex, cigarettes are aerobic and spanking is sanctioned at home, school and — if patting secretary derrieres counts — office. It was a veritable hellscape of inappropriate behavior and wrongheaded social norms. And the older boomers destroyed it utterly.

Let’s look at one more Last Boomer. Barack Obama, born on August 4, 1961, is among the “first of the last.” He had fun, then got serious. He had ideals and — agree with the ideals or not — still has them. He works steadily and (for a politician) quietly to achieve his goals, unlike some older boomers (me) who preferred to just make idealistic noise. He’s got that boomer charisma, but he’s a little aloof. It’s very hard to imagine him at Woodstock. But I bet he at least knows what it was.