How to write a recap

If you’re holding a virtual meeting over the phone to discuss sales-related information with clients or prospects, you can send them a recap email summarizing your conversation and any next steps. This can help you remind clients or prospects of what was discussed. You can also CC your manager on the email to inform them of your conversation with the client or prospect.

How to Send an Effective Meeting Recap or Follow Up Email (With Template and Example)

After a meeting, it’s important for employees to be reminded of what was discussed so they can remember significant action items or announcements. Sending a meeting recap can summarize discussions and important details for attendees or employees who were unable to attend a meeting. The recap should contain information that is valuable and simple for readers to understand.

A meeting recap is a message, often in email format, that is sent to employees or clients after a meeting. The meeting recap gives a basic overview of the meeting and reminds recipients of what action items need to be completed, deadlines for assigned projects and any other important information that was covered.

Meeting recaps are often sent to help attendees remember important details and are available for them to reference later on. These recaps can also benefit any employees or clients who were unable to attend the meeting and need updates on important details that were missed.

Why do you need a summary email?

A summary email establishes accountability for action items that come out of the meeting. By having the ability to see what your team members responsibilities are, you also gain a stronger understanding of what is required to make the project successful.

An effective meeting recap also acts as a historical record of meetings to reference at any point. This is going to highlight progress and areas for improvement so that you and your team can continue to learn and grow together.

“I love the practice of repeating decisions or actions after a meeting with a recap email,” says Hogan. “This communication method harnesses all of email’s power for good: it helps set the record straight, disseminates information to lots of people at once, and opens up conversation internally.

How to write an effective meeting recap

What we’re saying is, if you want to send an effective meeting recap, you need to also have had an effective meeting beforehand. In another interesting article by the Harvard Business Review, they discuss the importance of being organized in order to conduct a successful meeting:

“Before you hold a meeting, force yourself to make deliberate choices. First, know exactly why you’re convening and define your goals to set the stage for achieving them. This process may include asking others to suggest agenda items, which not only promotes relevance but also increases ownership and engagement. If you don’t have a clear mission or a list of agenda items, you should probably cancel.”

Things to include in your meeting recap:

1 Give a quick thanks

2 List what was discussed during the meeting

You can use your agenda items and meeting notes to do this and organize them into bullet points that are quick to read and straight to the point. Make sure to write them out in chronological order from the opening of them meeting to the decisions made and next steps.

3 List action items and assign them

After you’ve summarized the key points of the meeting, in a separate paragraph or table, list all of the action items with the date it was assigned (the day of the meeting), the deadline and the person who has been assigned to complete it. This is going to foster accountability within the team and also keep everyone up to speed on what their teammates are working on.

4 Include any kinds of reference documentation

It’s a good idea to include any kinds of reference documents from the meeting. These can be anything from project guidelines, project timelines, budgets, etc. This is especially helpful when many projects are progressing simultaneously. Including relevant resources is going to eliminate confusion at the onset and give you and your team more time to work towards your goals, without too many explanations or clarifications required.

5 Include a reminder of the next meeting

Gather extra materials

Perhaps you saw an outstanding network diagram in a particular presenter’s talk or you noticed that a speaker did not plan to publish her slides. It’s best to ask the speaker at the event for these resources, then follow up on your request by email. If you were not able to make the request in person, make sure to send your request by email quickly so you can include the materials in your post and get the post published in a timely fashion.

You will also likely find that other folks have written about the event and may have done write ups on sessions you missed. They also may have an alternate perspective on an aspect of the event you particularly enjoyed. Include links to other write ups and reports in the blog post—even a simple list of links is fine—and consider updating your post if you run across a particularly excellent write up of the event after you’ve published your report. Updating the blog post comments with additional details is a fine way to proceed, but folks are often less likely to read the comments section.

Pro tip: Before publishing your report, take a moment to search and Twitter using the event hashtag. This quick search will likely produce other write ups that you may wish to link to in your own post. The conference news aggregator or press page is also an excellent source of such material.

Writing your post-event report

If you’re having trouble getting started, prepare an outline of your post. Start with the basics as mentioned in the “Take good notes” section in your introductory paragraph, then expand from there. If you just hate writing—and that’s OK, many do—get as many points out onto a page as possible, then ask for help from a friend or colleague to organize your thoughts and content. A blank page is a tough place to start, so don’t expect what you compose to be immediately perfect.

This document largely assumes that you’ll be publishing your event wrap up post on your personal blog, but there are many outlets for such reports. The conference organizers may need help with wrap up reports due to post-event fatigue, so offering to help them with your post-event write up can be a welcome way for your post to get even wider exposure and to do a good deed for the community. The fine folks at also publish post-event reports, so check out their guidelines for submitting content. You may also find that your wrap up report will be useful to other trade press outlets or blogs, so licensing your content so that folks can reuse it increases the value of your creation. You may even find that said trade press outlet or blog would like to simply republish your post, which is a great thing to do if you’re open to it.

Pro tip: Once you have written your post, make sure to share it using whatever social networking services you prefer to use. E.g.,, Twitter, Facebook, Google+, etc. Make sure to also include the event tags when broadcasting via social media. If you’re not a social media user, the event organizers may want to help you share the write up more widely via their social media channels.


Killer copywriting tips that’ll transform any business

Ogilvy also said, “If you’re trying to persuade people to do something, or buy something, it seems to me you should use their language, the language they use every day, the language in which they think. We try to write in the vernacular.”

What is Copywriting?

Copywriting is the art of writing text for marketing purposes. It’s designed to sell your products or services while establishing a voice for your brand.

The main intention of copywriting is to persuade people to take a particular action, whether it’s purchasing, signing up for something, or any other type of conversion.

Copywriting comes in many different forms—advertisements, web pages, brochures, white papers, social media content, and company taglines would all fall into the copywriting category, and that’s just barely scratching the surface.

But copywriting is much more than just words. Great copy tells a compelling story and represents your brand image. It pulls on the strings that trigger the decision-making process for whoever reads what you’re writing.

Forget everything you’ve learned at school

Grammar and spelling are obviously important, but academic writing is all about elaborate vocabulary and structural conformity. A brand can’t communicate effectively and create individuality in that kind of environment.

1. Make a list of all the writing guidelines you remember being told at school. If you get stuck, go online and search for terms like ‘school essay writing tips’.

2. Highlight the ones that you think would inhibit the creation of good business copy for the digital arena. Need an example? Teachers always tell kids never start a sentence with ‘and’ or ‘but’. Roald Dahl didn’t care about doing that, Apple doesn’t and nor should you.

Copywriting tips for digital marketers

1. Read everything, including the good and the bad.

A good writer is foremost an avid reader. Read all copywriting examples you can get your hands on, both bad and good. Knowing how to distinguish between the two can help improve your copywriting skills. You’ll find that, among copywriting tips, this is the one that helps you develop a finer eye for good copy as you expose yourself to different phrasing and crafting of copies.

More importantly, reading sample copies can help give you an idea of how different types of brands write theirs and how different kinds of advertising differ in the copy. Following this copywriting tip helps you understand the process better through various perspectives and voices.

2. Write something every day to practice brevity and clarity.

Improving any skill comes from repeating the action and learning new ways to do it. Writing something every day can help ease you into the task and make it something that comes naturally to you.

3. List queues as a copywriter.

Unless it’s long-form content, paragraphs containing five or more sentences are such an eyesore for readers. Don’t fall into the habit of prolonging the message you want to convey to your audience.

In copywriting , make sure that you are able to comprehensively chop up your paragraphs into meaningful sentence thoughts. Using H1 and H2 header tags not only guide your readers to the next topic but also help your UX designers map out the visual presentation of your copies.

4. Align visual hierarchies with content order.

A visual and content hierarchy guides the flow of your copies so that people don’t read your story out of order. A basic copywriting fundamental is always to start with the most important message at the top since this is the first thing that readers see when a page loads.

Make sure your copies are engaging enough for them to actually scroll and skim the whole content. Directional cues like arrows, bold text, or highlighted words are eye magnets that help readers collect the important bits of your copy.

Draw your assignment or idea

Sometimes, the project at hand can be messy. Maybe you’re writing YouTube video scripts for a product launch. Maybe you’re working on email drafts for a new nurture path. For big projects like these, with lots of moving parts and little pieces, figuring out where to start writing can be challenging.

copywriting tips drawing out structure

Use different shapes to represent the pieces of copy, and arrange them in order. Grab some scissors, cut them out, and rearrange if needed. Visualizing this helps—and pinning down the structure is such an important step.

Ask questions that get readers to say “yes.”

A classic persuasion technique used by Socrates and used car salesmen, this theory states that the more often you can get prospects to say “yes,” the more likely they are to say “yes” again. A-list direct-response copywriter Parris Lampropoulos uses this technique a different way: “In sales copy, I’ll throw in a question here and there, but more often, I’ll phrase it as a statement. You know – one of those statements that get prospects nodding their heads.”

Early in his career, Lampropoulos saw a particular copywriting gig as his chance to make it to the big leagues, so he pulled out all the stops. In addition to packing it with proof elements, testimonials, and price justifications, he also “worked every possible emotion the reader might have.” It was one of his most successful direct-mail packages, and it mailed for four years.

The trick to incorporating emotions in your copy is to ask yourself: what is my prospect’s deepest desire right now? There are lots of emotions you can appeal to, but the key driving emotions – the strongest, deepest emotions not governed by rational thought – are:


All About Professional Reviews of Best College Essay Writers

What to Check For In a Site Before Hiring Its Services

You may have hired services before and regretted why you did so in the first place. You wasted time and money and probably got a penalty for the late submission of the assignment. It is not a good experience, and that is why this article aims to help you know what to look for in a site.

  • Ratings

Before you hire a writer, you can check sites that rate essay writing services. You can read the Essay Pro reviews to find which sites rank higher than the rest. The rating observes qualities such as customer support, pricing, the experience of writers, and delivery.

You can choose a site depending on what quality you desire the most. If a site offers all the others above average, you can assign work to any of its writers.

  • Customer Reviews

What other students say about a site should be a point to consider. If you look at the review, you will find out that customer testimonials factor in rating a site. Therefore, you need also to consider what other clients are saying about the site you want to settle for.

Good remarks will accompany any site with smart essay writers. On the other hand, those with incompetent writers will have negative reviews.

  • Prices

As a student, you are looking for a site with your best interest at heart. You can get low prices and a Pro Essay Writer discount when you order for services. In as much as academic writing is demanding, writers offer reasonable rates to their clients to ensure any student can afford the services.

  • Revision and Money-Back Policies

Your paper may not be what you expected, or your professor may prefer a different approach to it. If you read the essay writers world review, you will learn that a reliable site offers some guarantees. Should your paper be below expectations, a writer can repeat it several times.

If you are still not satisfied after all the attempts of revising the paper, you can get a full refund.

  • Response to Clients

From the essay writer service reviews, customer support is an important factor that sets apart a good or bad site. You need a site that responds promptly to you when you reach them for help. If it takes forever for the customer service department to get back to you, continue with your search.

  • Experience

How long has a website has been running matters? The essay writers UK reviews point out that an experienced site has the best writers and can handle various subjects. You need a qualified writer to handle your paper, so you get a good score.

The essay writers hub review also highlights the importance of a writer’s experience. They need to have attained a certain level of education and be fluent in English before handling any assignment.

  • Quality Of Work

If you read the British essay writer reviews, you will understand that quality is king. Any writer you hire to do your assignment should ensure they deliver high-quality work free of errors and plagiarism cases. You can tell by the writing on the writers’ profiles if they are up to the task by checking their text’s quality.

As you will find out from Pro Essay Writer review, compromising on a client’s assignment renders a site a bad name. Qualified writers understand the implications of a bad image and always work efficiently to provide you with the best services.

  • Usability

As you will find out from online essay writer reviews, a site should be user-friendly. As you navigate a site, you do not have to take ages to figure where you need to start to place your order. If a site falls short on usability, it can frustrate users as it wastes precious time.


Finding a good site that offers the best services is not always easy for students. You can read the reviews on various sites to decide on which site to place an order for quality work. Depending on the factor that you prefer most, you can choose the site and have a good experience after that.

Korean Dramas – How Can You Write an Outstanding Essay on Them?

Korean culture has been growing in popularity over the years. Whether you’re into the famous K-pop bands or into their movies, something is surely appealing about them. But if you haven’t really been into them, it would be hard to make an essay on Korean dramas, for instance. So, if you’ve been assigned this topic or you just want to write it due to the popularity around the topic, then you need to do a lot of research. How can you write an essay on Korean dramas and make it good?

Here are some tips that might help you out.

  1. Start Researching

The first thing to do is, of course, researching your subject. It shouldn’t take too long to find something useful. Korean dramas are extremely popular, so you’ll get some quick results. Research everything, especially the most popular series that people seem to be into and figure out what makes them so loved. Also, try to notice the particular elements that Korean people use in their dramas that make them so enjoyable.

  1. Introduce the Subject

Every essay starts with an introduction paragraph, where the topic is being told to the reader. When you start the Korean dramas essay, try to get the person reading it to become familiar with the subject. That said, you can talk, for example, about people’s infatuation with Korean dramas, and mention a few ones that have stolen people’s hearts. In addition, you can also mention how Korean dramas are very popular outside Korea too, thanks to the uniqueness they add to their work.

When you’re done with making a general introduction about Korean dramas, you need to make a thesis statement. A thesis statement pretty much establishes what your paper is going to focus on. So, if you’re going to talk about the influence of Korean dramas, you need to let the reader know that the essay will prove why Korean dramas are influential. Same works with any other topic you choose.

  1. Talk About It in the Body

When you get to the body, there is one thing that you need to know – the body needs to support the main points that you presented in your thesis. So, you will have a few main ideas here that will be proven through the research you’ve done before working on the paper.

Therefore, if you’re writing about why Korean dramas are so popular outside of Korea, then you need three main ideas as to why that is. But they need to be backed up by factual evidence. There can also be support from experiences, but it depends on your assignment.

Also, you need to know that body paragraphs need to be organized logically. They need to flow from each other without sounding robotic and confusing the reader. Keep in mind that every main idea should be related to the topic of the essay. That being said, you shouldn’t add anything that is off topic. Even if you think it will sound nice and you’ll get points for that, you’re wrong. What you should do is ask yourself if that specific information does anything relevant to prove the question set in the thesis. If the answer is “no”, then don’t add that information.

  1. Conclude it Properly

Every essay should end with a conclusion, and thus not just stop abruptly and leave people confused. In conclusion, you will establish the fact that you were able to answer the question set at the beginning of the essay. It brings everything together and wraps it up, thus giving your readers some closure. Just make sure that you don’t add anything new related to Korean dramas here. You just have to make a little summary of the main ideas.

After the conclusion, write your citations and bibliography.

Final Thoughts

Writing an essay about Korean dramas can be a very entertaining thing to do, especially if you’re already a fan of these dramas. They are popular and you can easily find some information that will make for useful research. If you find information in Korean yet you don’t speak the language, you can always seek Korean translation services and get easier access to the data you need.

Why You Need Your Halloween Essay Written For You

Life in college is daunting. Apart from acing the test scores, spend your overnight hours working on an essay. Worse still, the problem magnifies when you must complete your Halloween essay assignment fast.

However, it is easier said than done. Here is why. Working on a term paper requires a lot of skill and dedication, two things most college students lack. Hence, work with content writing agencies. They will help you

  • Meet The Teacher’s Expectations

Everything about Halloween is dramatic. That said, you must craft a piece that brings the reader’s imagination to life.

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  • Build Original Content

Have you heard about plagiarism? Well, plagiarized work and academics do not exist in the same sphere. What the above statement means is that colleges discourage learners from submitting copied content.

Therefore, you must read a lot for you to produce original material. However, reading takes time and effort. It is, therefore, necessary that you work with a superb content dealer to create top-dollar Halloween essay pieces for you fast.

  • A Professional Whom Will Write An Essay For Me Must Be Affordable

Did you know that some students are self-sponsored? Yes, some learners have no one else to support their academic dreams other than themselves. Hassling and studying, however, do not mix.

However, what do you do when facing the above challenges? Working with an essay-writing firm is a game-changer. Remember, the agency will write my dissertation for me cheaply. Above all, the experts save you time, the time you can use to expand your financial empire.

  • Beat The Deadline

College assignment deadlines are the worst. In actuality, tutors only stop dishing out assignments when sick or during the examination season. Therefore, you should learn how to work on a tight schedule as a college learner for you to succeed.

Doing so is, however, impossible when you must submit a Halloween essay early in the morning. Luckily, an academic writing firm is always ready to write an essay for me when I am busy. In short, the experts step in when you need them the most. Most importantly, they help you beat the deadline.

  • An Expert Willing To Write An Essay For Me Must Research And Fine-Tune

Completing a college assignment is hard. However, that does not make excellence impossible. All you should do is research before writing.

However, research takes too much time. In the real sense, most students do not know where to get the right information from before writing a Halloween essay. Fortunately, content writing mills do. When they write an essay for me, they invest time on the same to ensure I get value for cash.

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College learning should not be difficult when all you need is to work with a superb content generation firm. For the record, such a dealership provides you with quality products and services at a bargain. More so, the agency saves you a ton of cash and time.

In brief, working with a content mill is right for your academic and professional career. After all, the experts strive to make your transition through school painless. Better still, they surpass examiner expectations by providing reading material that converts. Therefore, you must use such services for the betterment of your career.

Writing an Essay for a Movie? This Is Your Ultimate Guide

Everyone loves watching movies, but when it comes to writing about them, all goes blank. A lot of people watch movies as their pastime, and they leave it at that. It’s different when watching movies, making a critic out of it.

Students are often faced with assignments about movie essays. This means that even though they get a pass for watching movies, they need to produce an output.

When confronted with this dilemma, what should you do? How can you concentrate on the movie and give a good analysis? Is there an easy way to write movie essays?

Continue reading below and we’ll give you great tips on writing a movie analysis or a movie review. It’s time to sharpen up your essay-writing skills!


Organizing Your Thoughts for a Film Analysis Essay

“What’s the first thing to do when I start to write my essay?” This is the most common question students ask themselves.

Remembering the key points of the movie is only half the work you need to do. The other half is making sure you materialize your thoughts into an essay.

  • Starting Your Introduction

This is where the important details should be in. Things like the title of the movie, the name of the director, the film’s release date, and so on should be in it. Have your readers familiarize themselves with the movie’s background information.

Add the central theme of the movie or the idea that it conveys. It also helps when you write about the reasons for the creation of the film. Add in your thoughts. Don’t be afraid to state your opinions this early.

Build up your introduction to show what your focus is. Be clear to your readers on what direction the essay will go.

  • Telling the Story

Start this section by writing a summary of the film. After you present the facts mentioned above, it’s time to get down to the actual content. How do you write a good summary?

Write like your readers haven’t watched the film at all. The more you write about your experience, the stronger your points are. It’s like telling a story to a friend whom you’re eager to share the movie with.

If you start thinking that your readers rely on you for information, the less that you’ll miss details. To make sure you’ve covered all the bases,  use the five Ws.

  1. Who
  2. What
  3. When
  4. Where
  5. Why
  6. And add in How

In this part, you can insert your own opinions and explanations. Depending on your style, make sure you always have something valid to support your theory. Take advantage of movie scenes, character dialogues, and conflicts to prove your point.

  • Dig into Your Analysis

This is the part where you pour the information you’ve gathered. It’s the central part of your essay where you address your impressions and critic about the film. How do you explain what you’ve watched?

Begin by discussing whether the film met its goal. As a viewer, do you agree with the claims of the movie? Did the movie deliver what it promised? Was the theme of the movie used well to convey its message? You can ask a hundred other things depending on what you want to focus on.

A film has a lot of elements that it presents. You can discuss all or pick out certain parts that you find relevant. It will give depth to your analysis when you know what elements to bring up.


What Should I Focus On As I Write My Essay?

Below are some key movie elements you might want to highlight in your essay. You can cover them all for more details or choose to elaborate on one topic to prove your point.

  • The plot

A movie relies on its plot. If you watch a film for its plot, you can choose to decide whether it’s good or not. The plot is where the scenes come together, where the events take place, and how the film presents itself.

After you’ve watched the film, recall the plot from the mind. Check what you’ve understood from the movie and what its plot means for you. Pick out scenes that gave you an impact or those that you find interesting.

  • The actors’ portrayal of characters

If you feel like one or two of the cast did a phenomenal job, you can write about them. If you feel otherwise, you can explain your opinions as well.

This is also an important element in analyzing a film as actors bring the characters into life. Look into the portrayal of the characters. Were the actors able to bring them to life? Did they do justice to the characters they are playing? Are they are realistic enough to make you believe their characters?


How to Conclude Your Movie Essay

This is where you conclude. Make it a small review of your theory or opinions and how you relate them with facts from the movie.

Make sure that you make a case for the film analysis that you’ve presented beforehand. Always go back to your original theory or concept about the film. You can also address any unanswered questions.

The key is understanding what you’re watching. If it helps, watch the movie once for its plot, twice for its characters, thrice for its cinematography, and so on. This will give you a lot of angles to write about.






Best Gimbals to Shoot the Best Dynamic Footage

Shaky shots don’t help the outcome of dynamic footage. No matter how stable your hands or any other equipment you own may be, you will always be confronted with a scene that has stabilization problems.

Of course, there is equipment that has built-in image stabilization, and you could also use a monopod or tripod. However, a gimbal stabilizer will leave you with nothing to worry about.

Therefore, if you want to have the best dynamic footage ever, we have compiled for you of the best gimbals out there – so be sure to check it out and find the one that fits all your needs.

Letus Helix Jr. 3-Axis Gimbal

This gimbal is compatible with a DLSR type of camera. Because of its flat bottom design, it can be easily placed on flat surfaces, ensuring you that the next shot you are filming will be blur-free.

Moreover, this gimbal has its camera placed on the optical center – this offers not only a balanced design, but also an easier way to have optimum image stabilization with the help of the nodal point rolls.

It is also equipped with a joystick and intuitive tilt motion – shooting your best dynamic footage is made simple and easy with this gimbal.

Moza Lite 2

This one is compatible with a DSLR camera, as well as with mirrorless cameras. Coming equipped with some Advanced FOC Algorithms, this gimbal can achieve maximum balance – the result consists of precise and smooth camera movements.

Besides the two aforementioned compatible devices, this gimbal can also be used with compact cinema cameras as well. Because of its modular design, you’ll assemble it very fast, without wasting any precious time while on set. Its assembly requires no tools and can be done in only three steps.

Different shooting situations can be handled accordingly with the help of the operation modes this gimbal has built-in, namely, the Underslung, the Upright, and the Briefcase.

DJI Ronin-M 3-Axis Gimbal

This gimbal is compatible with DSLR and Sony DSLR cameras, a variety of small camcorders, and with the GH3 and GH4 from Panasonic. It can support up to 8 lbs. of equipment, and it also comes equipped with Auto-Tune Stability, which automatically adjusts the stability without you having to interfere.

Packing and unpacking, as well as the adaptability to different shooting configurations, are made possible with the help of the detachable top handlebars.

Moreover, this gimbal also comes equipped with the three operation modes we have mentioned on our previous product – the plus is that this one can quickly switch between them so that you get a shot that’s just amazing.

Pilotfly H2 3-Axis Gimbal

Compatible with DSLRs and mirrorless cameras, this gimbal comes equipped with three MCUs (motor control units), as well as two IMU sensors. When it comes to tilting and panning, you will be able to get every shot you want.

It is capable of 100 degrees of down tilt, 220 degrees of up tilt, 240 degrees of right roll, 10 degrees of left roll, as well as up to 0.04 degrees of control precision.

Moreover, on the handle, you can find almost everything you need when using a gimbal – a LED indicator that shows the levels of power and battery, a mode button so that you can switch between its modes fast and easy, and a four-way joystick.

You can also easily attach other equipment to it, such as a microphone or secondary display – as it comes equipped with screw holes of ¼ inches that are located on the bottom and on the sides of the gimbal.

This also means that you can attach this gimbal to your favorite tripods, jibs, sliders, and extension poles – so that you can shoot from every position you want.

Worth mentioning in the case of this piece of equipment is its battery life – it can stay up and running for about 26 hours.

Of course, you might not find your perfect pick here. If that’s the case, here is a list you have to consider before buying a gimbal. These will help you determine which one will offer you the possibility to shoot the best dynamic footage.

  • Weight
  • Balance
  • Batteries
  • Versatility
  • Price

Finding the best gimbal and also one that will provide you with quality shots is not an easy task, as you will have to go through many products before finding the one. However, if you want that extra stabilization in your shots, it is better if you are properly informed before deciding to buy one.

Even though you didn’t find the one you need here, we hope that our article has at least provided you with some guidelines – guidelines that will help you continue your search and eventually find the best gimbal out there.

How to Make a Good Call Sheet

You can’t start filming without a call sheet – first of all, because no one will know when and where to show up.  By definition, a call sheet is a form of document that has written on it all the information that the cast and crew have to know regarding a certain shoot day.

Making a good call sheet is difficult, as you have to put in there all the information the team has to know. If something happens and the call sheet does not contain information on that specific thing, filming could stop out of a sudden until the problem has been fixed.

Therefore, in the following paragraphs, we will show you everything you have to take into account in order to make a good call sheet for the cast and crew responsible for your film.

The Basic Principles of a Good Call Sheet

Before mentioning everything a call sheet should contain, we should go over some basics, so that you would know what tone of writing and such you should approach. Of course, the information it contains is vital, but the way it’s being expressed is also important.

  • On Point – the call sheet is going to be used by every member of your team, so it is best if you keep the information written on it shortly and on point. If someone in the crew needs some information on a certain topic, he or she should be able to find it in a blink of an eye.
  • Accuracy – you should double-check all of the important information that’s on the call sheet, such as phone numbers, addresses, and call times. Also, be always ready to make changes to it if, for example, some of the crew members or times change.
  • Confidentiality – naturally, most call sheets should be marked as confidential, as they include the contact details of all the members of the crew. Moreover, something you should never do is to include the phone numbers of the talent in your call sheet – never!
  • Clarity, Structure, and Layout – the call sheet should have a layout that’s easy to read through; also, all the information displayed on it should be clear and easy to understand – you don’t want your crew to spend more than two or so minutes finding the piece of information they need.

Now that we’ve gone through the basics, it’s time to move on to the actual information a good call sheet should contain.

Call Sheet Information

In the following paragraphs, you will be presented with all of the things a call sheet should contain – you must also remember to place these properly on its pages, as they have to follow a certain placement pattern, so that your crew is able to find what they are looking for only by looking in the place that piece of information usually is.

  • Date – it should be one of the first things to appear on a call sheet; it must also be clear.
  • Call Time – you really don’t want people missing the call time; that’s why it should be placed in the center of the call sheet, in a big and bold font, so that it is very easy to see and read.
  • Title – you may think that there is no need for a title, but keep in mind that certain crew members might have multiple call sheets in a week; therefore, you should at the title of the production, preferably at the top of the sheet.
  • Lunch Time – naturally, all people must eat, and you should plan the lunch times accordingly; it is recommended that the lunchtime is set six hours into the shoot day and that it can be easily found on the call sheet.
  • Shuttle Information – it is likely that not every crew member will be able to get on set; that’s why you should set up some shuttles, as well as a central meet-up location. Timing is also required in this case so that nobody misses their shuttle.
  • Weather – you don’t want members dressed in shorts and T-shirts on a rainy day, right? To avoid this, you should get informed on the weather on the shoot day and mention it on the call sheet.
  • Nearest Hospital – in case of any unfortunate events, you should have a list of the closest hospitals on your call sheet; all of the information regarding this aspect, such as phone numbers and addresses should be placed close to the top of the sheet.
  • Address and Phone Number of the Production Office
  • Location of the First Aid Kit and of the Fire Extinguisher
  • Scenes to be Shot – here you should mention the scene number, heading, description, as well as the cast, location number, and pages.
  • Crew Positions and Names – this section will be split into departments that will contain all of the essential information of your crew, namely, the crew position and names.
  • Cast Roles and Actors
  • Background Actors and Extras
  • Numbers and Timing of the Craft and Catering
  • Requirements Specific for Certain Departments
  • Transport Information
  • Location and Maps
  • An Advanced Schedule – this should contain a smaller version of the schedule for the next days of filming so that everyone knows what to expect.
  • Contact Info of the Key Production Staff
  • Walkie-Talkie Channels – this will let every member of your crew know which channel they should be using to communicate with members of the department they’re in.
  • Other Essential Information – as requirements may differ, it is best that you include in your call sheet anything that might be of importance to a great part of your crew for the day.

So, this is the secret recipe to a good call sheet. It contains a lot of information, but if placed properly, you will get no questions from your crew – and this is very important as you don’t want production to stop just because you have failed to mention something important in your call sheet. This is must be hard to get a good and quality footage for scene and it can be almost imposible achieve what you want to have on the final  so maybe this essay on filmmaking will help you somehow.

The Cinematic Techniques of the Movie “Wizard of Oz”


The movie “Wizard of Oz” was released on 25th August 1939. It was produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and distributed by Loew’s, Inc. with a running time of 101 minutes. Victor Fleming and George Cukor directed the movie. Its stars include Judy Garland, Frank Morgan, and Ray Bolger. The three stars play the allocated roles to enhance the major themes in the movie such as family, fantasy, and adventure. However, the movie would not communicate the major themes to the audience with employing cinematic techniques. The paper discusses the cinematic techniques used in the movie and design elements. Besides, it includes the contribution of both cinematic techniques and design elements in developing its themes. The paper gives an opinion regarding the mice and the scene.

Cinematic Techniques

The movie “Wizard of Oz” was the most remarkable production in 1939. Besides, the movie marked the first color movie to appear on the national TV. Also, its directors Victor Fleming and George Cukor and cinematographer Harold Rosson demonstrated extraordinary creativity (Richard, 2014). That is, the special effects techniques used had created the film in future times. Therefore, the sequence of Dorothy leaving Kansas and arriving in Oz in the clip of the Wizard of Oz has been chosen to illustrate three cinematic techniques used in the film.

The three cinematic techniques employed in the chosen sequence include lighting, color and, focus. The characters of OZ in Kansas are a good example of three-point lighting. First, the movie utilizes lighting as the primary cinematic strategy in this sequence. In the first place, the front camera provides the source of light on the right elevated the right hand of the character. As a result, the character’s right-hand casts a shadow on the shirt of Aunty M shirt. Besides, the hat of the left character casts a shadow on his face’s right side. However, the left front of camera light source allows for the illumination of the character’s left side. As a result, the left side appears in a lower position than the right side. Besides, the rear light is in a lower position to be able to highlight the building located behind the characters.  Moreover, the scene uses the deep and sharp focus of lens which continues until the tornado arrives. Henceforth, then the focus on the characters become shallow although its focus on the tornado.

Furthermore, there is Tornado scene which has Special effects. There are high winds outside the house which blows off the door of the house. Besides, making use of smoke which is whirling around the head brings out a special effect. That is, it communicates to the audience she is about to go into a dream state. During this incidence, the low-light key used to focus its light on Dorothy’s forehead. The light appears above her at a particular angle. This technique helps to capture the smoke whirling in the air. Besides, it ensures the light is focused on her forehead to be able to set up her dreaming plot.

The second cinematic technique employed in the movie is the focus. The strategy is evident in the incidence when the neighbor is riding a bicycle and later becomes a witch riding a broom. At this juncture, the neighbor’s double exposure is responsible for the transformation into a witch. The focus on the neighbor is sharp before the conversion. However, during the transition the focus is withdrawn which is taken back when the neighbor is already a witch.

The movie makes use of color as the third cinematic technique. For instance, when Dorothy opens the door to see outside for the first time she notices the yellow brick road. Besides, the first overlay of the film color is black and white around 1939. The cinematographer demonstrated remarkable creativity by taking photos with black color at backdrop and Dorothy in front of a white house. Besides, in the sequence, the movie utilizes design elements which are in the costumes used in the movie. The designation of the costumes made them fit the dressing code of the period when the movie was produced (Victor, 2014). For instance, Dorothy dresses in a long dress to fit in that era. In addition to period, both cinematic techniques and design elements utilized in the movie have contributed toward its theme. For instance, Dorothy costumes were designed to be long for her to show respect to her elders. Similarly, the focus enhances another cinematic technique in the movie. During the transition of the neighbor into a witch, the focus was withdrawn to show the respect accorded to all groups of people in the society. Therefore, both cinematography and design elements contribute towards the theme.

The movie incorporates both mise en scenes. In my opinion, mise en scenes have added to the dramatic impact. The two work together to bring up a difference of a particular issue. For instance, mise en scene presents Dorothy differently when she is in Kansas and while in Oz. However, if the movie used other techniques, they would not be effective since they would not contribute towards the theme.


The movie “Wizard of Oz” was produced in 1939 to entertain and educate audience at that time. However, the popularity of the movie has been increasing every day to date. This is as a result of extraordinary creativity employed by its directors and cinematographer while producing it. Besides, the movie utilized cinematic techniques and design element which has contributed towards its themes. Besides, the incorporation of both mise en scene has played a substantial role in bringing out dramatic effect in the movie.

Million Dollar Baby Film Analysis

Million Dollar Baby is a movie masterpiece that was directed by Clint Eastwood. The film won critical acclaim and beat major categories in various awards. This movie tells the story of Maggie who is (played by Hillary Swank) a young working lady who has ambitions of one day dominating the female boxing world. After a lot of convincing, the wizened Frankie (played by Clint Eastwood) gives in to Maggie’s proposal of training her. With Frankie as her trainer Maggie gets on the road to become a professional female boxer. With rigorous training and Frankie giving her pointers on how to knockout her opponents, Maggie conquers the boxing world until a spinal injury brings a devastating halt to her blooming career. She becomes a quadriplegic and is very depressed. As a result of pressure ulcers her leg is amputated and Maggie can’t bear it anymore and convinces Frankie to euthanize her.

This movie portrays the image of a working class woman who is of the opinion that class is something that should be overcome. Maggie grew up being poor and lacks critical class consciousness. She is of the perception that the world despises her by the general virtue that she comes from poverty. She despises her hillbilly roots. In the movie she comes off as being sensible because she has her own class mythology. She understands the limitations that comes with her class, even when she is in the boxing ring she fights to transcend these limits. The determination to succeed in the boxing world even though she is perceived as being too old for the sport at 32 years of age is for the love of the sport (Toole 35). From another perspective she wants to conquer the boxing world to avoid the working class life as well as a working class body.

Maggie explains in her own words that without boxing she can expect a world of “Oreos and a deep fryer”. Therefore in order to escape her roots and to move up the social class she has to employ her body as the vehicle. The body is something that Maggie is appears to run from. The movie is linked to denial or making unconscious of the body. Maggie denies her girl-ness and prefers to work with Frankie even after he turned her down twice. Frankie bluntly told her that he was not interested in training a girl. After he reconsidered and accepted to train her, he constantly reminded her not to behave like one. The theme of Maggie denying her body is also portrayed through the sport itself because in this cinematic conception it is the most Cartesian of all sports (Toole 60). Frankie helps her deny her body because when she gets bloody and injured it is his job to patch it up. The patching part addresses the leakiness of the feminine.

Eddie Scrap-Iron Dupris played by Morgan Freeman is Frankie’s best friend and has been working at the gym for a long time. He is Frankie’s partner in conversations that have coiled down through time. Scrap is Frankie’s only friend and he knows that his boss and friend, has many burdens. Among these burdens is Frankie’s daily attendance at mass. Frankie has been an ardent attendee to mass for decades at St. Marks Church. In one of the scenes in the movie, he asks Fr. Horvak played by Brian O’Byrne to disseminate and clarify the doctrine of the Trinity. Fr. Horvak brushes aside Frankie’s question sensing that it was some sort of dodge from what Frankie really wanted and he was right because Frankie wanted to make peace with God and not catechism classes.

The conclusion of the film sees Frankie faced with a dilemma that the priest says could lead him to damnation. The way the film has been scripted makes the wrong choice seem right but it leaves room open for debate whether the choice made will lead to redemption or rather damnation. Million Dollar Baby portrays the aspect that maybe the most loving and right thing to do for someone else may result to one’s own damnation. This film is more thoughtful and less complacent compared to some of its detractors allege. A refined script, superlative performances and canny direction are some of the qualities that make this movie very compelling.

Depth and conflict is added into the story through the characters who have personal unresolved conflicts from their past. As much as Frankie is considered a brilliant coach, he is an overly cautious manager. He is haunted by injuries that occurred to boxers he has trained in the past and is chary of allowing the fighters he has trained from getting in the boxing ring with serious contenders. Maggie is troubled by her hillbilly roots and the fact that her family stay in the trailer park. Scrap is the least conflicted but he is quietly disappointed with how his career came to an abrupt end due to an eye injury. The supporting characters like Danger played by Jay Baruchel, is an inept wanna-be boxer and is always lingering around the gym but unfortunately does not have the drive, ambition and talent that Maggie has. He is practically a comic-relief caricature. “The Blue Bear” which is Billie’s nickname, played by Lucia Rijker is an opponent to be feared. She is a former prostitute and fights dirty.

Frankie has a troublesome relationship with his daughter whom she sends letters to and she sends them back unopened. At some point in the movie Maggie asks him about his personal life and he passes her on to another trainer but luckily takes her back and promises not to leave her again. The relationship with Maggie brings out the affectionate side and vulnerability in him. The voice over narration by Morgan Freeman speaks to the audience and lovers of the sport by telling details all round of what goes on in and out of the ring.

Maggie’s mother falls under the foreseeable and offensive class archetypes. She is an unsurprising burlesque of the welfare cheat. Her character does not challenge the audience but substantiates a regressive and definitely familiar narrative. She is the embodiment of a dominant cultural mythology of how poverty is perceived. The fact that she is lazy limits her from improving in life or getting ahead. It is her individual flaw rather than injustice from the system that brings her poverty. Even her family members are considered to be tacky. When Maggie is bedridden it is disturbing how the family focuses on her money and is not in any sense compassionate to her condition. Through her family’s one dimensional portrayal and her mother’s obese body, Maggie is depicted as an Angel in the film.

Through Maggie’s eyes, class is an issue to be conquered and something that she can prevail over. However disability is something that she cannot overcome. In the film it is depicted as a personal and corporeal defeat. The difference between what she can conquer and what she cannot overcome lies in individuality. Maggie triumphed over socio-economics through her own individual determination and diligence. As much as she was relying on Frankie to impart skills and train her, she always pulled her own weight and never took her trainer for granted. The transgressions of her family on the other hand show how they leech on her, and cheat to get welfare money. The spinal cord injury turned everything around and now Maggie has to rely on help and this is something she cannot stand. She has to rely on the machines, medicine and health care practitioners for assistance. Frankie has to pick Maggie up and put her in the wheelchair. Albeit the movie might seem like one of the many boxing films clichés it comprises of a whole lot more than boxing. It has a very deep setting and touches on a variety of themes.